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Zamoskvoreche means literally "beyond the Moskva River" and applies to the southern area of the old city opposite the Kremlin. Until modern times Zamoskvoreche had a sleepy rural feel—even today the old twisting streets give it a character all but obliterated in other parts of the city. By the 17th century Zamoskvoreche was well settled by a population of artisans serving the Court as well as being the first line of defense against the Tatars. In the 19th century members of the most distinctive of classes, the Moscow merchants, built their homes here. They also sponsored artists and after time created Russia's first art museum, Tretyakov Gallery.
Gorky Park, popularized by Martin Cruz Smith's Cold War novel of the same name, is situated along the right bank of the Moskva River, just beyond Krymsky Most (Crimea Bridge). Aside from the park and the Tretyakov Gallery, Bolshaya Ordinka ulitsa is a draw for its Russian Orthodox churches.
Zamoskvoreche is served by the Tretyakovskaya, Polyanka, and Oktyabrskaya metro stations.
Zamoskvoreche at a Glance
- Bolshaya Ordinka ulitsa
- Central House of Artists (TsDKh; Tsentralny Dom Khudozhnikov)
- Church of the Resurrection in Kadosh (Tserkov Voskreseniya v Kadashakh)
- Gorky Park
Elsewhere in Moscow
- The Arbat, Old and New
- Heart of Russia: The Kremlin and Red Square
- Kitai Gorod
- The Kropotkinsky District
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